10 Software Development Best Practices You Should Know
Software is only as good as its development process: find software development best practices
Software development is a big subject. There is a lot to know about this. Hundreds of people spend months and years of hard work creating a software system. A good software development practice goes a long way towards creating a high-performance, intuitive and adaptive solution. To ensure this, things like bug fixing, flowcharting, and consistency are important.
All of these best practices will help you write better code and avoid common mistakes. Software development practices are essential because they will help you reduce costs and increase speed. However, it will not be interesting for those who no longer want to become a professional program. And it won’t help you even if you’re just programming for fun. Without further ado, let’s take a look at some software development best practices that you can use to develop your programs.
Software Development Best Practices
Software development best practices will make your program superior. For example, with the help of software security, you can build trust and ensure that users stay safe when using your software.
Likewise, compartmentalization, working with the right development model, etc. helps deliver great software.
1. Fix bugs instead of hiding them
As a software development practice, you should keep in mind to never hide your software bugs and always try to fix them. Usually you can hide your bugs in codebases, but bugs increase gradually and eventually. Be sure to fix them. Even though these bugs are hard to find, you can identify the bugs by applying some essential methods.
- The best way to detect software bugs is to identify them during testing or development of the program itself.
- When implementing an algorithm, you can watch carefully to find bugs to fix.
2. Develop your software project into milestones
If you have a big project, it should be done in small parts. Dividing the project into multiple parts makes this work more manageable and easy to deliver. Additionally, compartmentalization makes it easier to find bugs in the program.
Another advantage of this approach is that you can only build a team of software developers. After the work is done, you need to compile all the code tasks and scripts to create a full-fledged application.
3. Use the right software development process
Each software must be developed with the appropriate process. The best software development practice is to divide an entire project into achievable tasks and manage them with a flowchart.
Using a flowchart, you can easily understand how to complete your project at each stage. This is important for managing the entire Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC), and it will greatly help you and your team meet your customer expectations.
A proper strategy also determines the outcome and purpose of your work. So always choose the right way to develop the software as it allows you to finish the project on time, and also to integrate all the requirements of the customer. Moreover, you can reach the stipulated schedule with the right method. There are many types of SDLC and mentioned below are two of the best and most used.
3.1. Agile SDLC model
Agile development was started in 2001 and required several teams to follow this process. Therefore, large organizations and teams prefer to use this method, but smaller teams of software programmers can also use this model.
It has six parts: Analyze, To plan, Design, Develop, Deployand Maintenance. You can easily complete your project appropriately using these steps.
The risks are very low.
Not suitable for projects that require a plan-based approach.
There are small, seamless iterations in the project.
Due to all the improvements and changes, the project may take longer than expected.
3.2. Waterfall development
It is a sequential development process that allows the project to be developed in several parts, like a waterfall. The waterfall model includes the analysis of design, testing, and operation implementation.
There is a perception that waterfall models lose approaches. Since the creation of its structure, novice software developers have been very attracted to it and have used this method.
Suitable to use and understand
Not suitable for large projects
The perfect model for small projects
Since the integration is done at the end, the problem cannot be identified in advance.
Very easy to highlight key points.
Testing will be delayed until the project is complete.
4. Write an ecological code
You might find it strange to hear that scripting code can damage the environment. If you use heavier codes in your project, your computer produces heat longer and tries to consume more energy.
We know that most sources of electricity come from fuel, affecting our environment. According to research C, Rust and C++ are the best environment-friendly languages because these languages consume much less resources. You will also be able to save the environment and save time by using these languages.
Along with this, you will also be able to consume less physical memory. When your program consumes a lot of physical memory, it has a huge impact on your system and the battery of your device. In short, use code that saves your environment, time, and storage at the same time.
However, it is also understandable that these three programming languages are not suitable for all types of projects. Thus, a software developer might have to use other programming languages that are not as environmentally friendly.
5. Test, test, test
Code and software testing ensures that the solution has the best software security, is reliable and performs exceptionally well. It also lets you know if your program is working properly and if it needs improvement.
Compartmentalization is important for every development project because then software testing becomes easier. Thus, we can perform different tests and quickly find bugs.
With powerful automated testing and analysis algorithms, we can reduce testing time while ensuring that testing professionals can verify millions of lines of code in a short time.
By performing more tests, you can be more confident that your software will work. Below are some tests by which you can easily detect and fix a bug.
1. Integration test
2. End-to-end testing
3. Smoke test
4. Acceptance testing
5. Mobile testing
6. System test
7. Load test
Having a great team to complete a big project is essential, and it’s nearly impossible to nail it down without losing structural uniformity. Code consistency is the syntax common to all the collaborators who developed the software together.
The manager and other coders will know the author who gave this format. When the style and structure of all the code is the same, it is called consistent code. With large projects, establishing a single type of code structure and syntax can be difficult, and this is where code consistency pays off.
Lack of consistency can easily cause confusion within the team as each software programmer may work with a different style and syntax. Ultimately, when working to bring code together, establishing a common standard will seem like a daunting task. These tools will help you code in the same syntax.
– Editor setup: Integration of code written with different IDEs
– HTML storage: Another linter for HTML also finds errors.
– Stylelint: a CSS linter with different plugins.
seven. Code signing certificate
Code signing certificate is a great practice that you can use as a software programmer. Software developers use it to digitally sign applications, executables, and software programs so that end users can verify that the code they receive is not tampered with or compromised.
8. Don’t repeat yourself
One of the least talked about software development practices is “Don’t Repeat Yourself”. Software programmer should not repeat lines of code while developing software.
The goal is to reduce the repetition of software patterns. Additionally, it replaces code with abstractions and leverages data normalization to avoid redundancy.
Documenting your codes is a love letter to you in the future. According to the Write Docs community, code you wrote six months ago is often indistinguishable from code someone else wrote. If you document your code, it will also be useful to you in the future. You will be able to revise the codes or understand them better.
ten. Be a good team member
If you work in a team, work well. For example, write your code well. You can effectively learn all software with a good team member. You get to know a lot of people in your field by working as a team.
By understanding and meeting more people, you can learn more things. You will be able to spot your missteps and improve them quickly. By working as a team, you will get better opportunities in the future. Working well with a team in a business also improves your portfolio.
A good software programmer understands the importance of creating an exemplary project flowchart to divide the work into different parts, among other aspects. Most of the practices we mentioned will be very helpful in fixing your bugs. You should be aware that you are not blindly following our practices. If all the practices work well for you, you can follow them.